It is estimated that nearly fifteen percent of couples will experience infertility problems, and as many as 40% of these cases are due to infertility in the male patient. Donor sperm insemination is a viable option in this situation, as well as in other situations.
When is donor sperm used?
- A woman does not have a male partner
- Male partner has no viable sperm
- Male partner has an extremely low sperm count, or poor sperm morphology
- Male partner has a genetic defect that could be passed on to the baby
- Male partner has an infectious disease
Donor sperm process
Patients can use someone they know as their sperm donor, or they can choose an anonymous donor. Either way, there are federal regulations in place that ensure the highest standards in screening potential donors. All donors are tested for their blood type, in addition to transmissible diseases such as HIV, hepatitis B and C, syphilis, gonorrhea, and chlamydia.
After initial testing, donor sperm is quarantined for six months. Donors are then retested for infectious diseases and must be negative before their sperm can be used for insemination. Anonymous donor sperm is ordered from a sperm bank by the patient and sent to our clinic for use.
Before proceeding with donor sperm insemination, our doctors will clarify all of your options, discuss the entire process with you, and help you locate the sperm donor candidate that is ideal for your situation. At CRE, we use sperm banks certified by the American Society of Tissue Banks.
The process of donor sperm insemination is most often performed using a technique called uterine insemination. After a sperm sample is washed in the laboratory and prepared for transfer, a small catheter is placed into the vagina and passed through the cervix so the sperm can be injected directly into the uterus.
According to the American Society for Reproductive Medicine, the success rates of donor sperm insemination depends on many factors including, “the female age and the presence of other female fertility factors such as endometriosis, tubal disease, or ovulatory dysfunction.” Women under age 35 and who have no history of fertility problems have the best chance of becoming pregnant using donor sperm.
As stated above, the success rate of donor sperm insemination varies, depending on the patient. It is suggested that patients attempt at least 3-4 insemination cycles to ensure an adequate opportunity to get pregnant.
If you have questions about donor sperm insemination or if you think you are experiencing infertility, call us at (303) 321-7115 or request an appointment to discuss your options.