Ovulation induction is the process of using medications to stimulate the release of one or more eggs from the ovaries.
When is Ovulation Induction Used?
Ovulation induction is often used in cases where the patient has a history of irregular menstrual cycles and is not regularly releasing an egg to ovulate. It can also be used in women who are ovulating to produce two or more eggs and boost their fertility.
Using medications to induce ovulation is also part of the process of in vitro fertilization. Normal human ovulation only produces one egg at a time, but by using ovulation induction with medication, the ovarian follicles are stimulated so that several eggs can be retrieved for the IVF procedure. Using medications to stimulate the release of several eggs at once is sometimes referred to as super ovulation or controlled ovarian stimulation.
Medications Used for Ovulation Induction
Some of the medications most often used for ovulation induction are listed below.
- hCG is an injectable medication that is used to induce the release of an egg once the follicles are developed and the eggs are mature.
- Glucophage or Metformin is given to a patient to lower their insulin. This medication is most commonly used in patients with polycystic ovarian syndrome and has been shown to reverse the endocrine abnormalities associated with PCOS within two or three months.
- Clomiphene Citrate, also known as Serophone or Clomid, is an oral medication that is used for women who have infrequent periods or long menstrual cycles, or to get two eggs ovulating rather than just one.
- Parlodel is an oral medication used to lower a patient’s prolactin levels, which stimulates ovulation.
- Gonadotropins are injectable medications used to stimulate the development of follicles. While you are using medications to induce ovulation, your physician will regularly evaluate you to ensure that your follicles (egg sacs) are developing, and to monitor the right time for egg release.
If you would like more information about ovulation induction, please call us at (303) 321-7115, or request an appointment to meet with one of our physicians.